The Axis Vertebra -

The Axis Vertebra -

The Axis Vertebra -



In anatomy, the second cervical vertebra (C2) of the spine is named the axis (from Latin axis, "axle") or epistropheus. By the atlanto-axial joint, it forms the pivot upon which the first cervical vertebra (the atlas), which carries the head, rotates.

The most distinctive characteristic of this

The most distinctive characteristic of this

The axis vertebra is a bone of the cervical spine in the neck. Second from the top, it is situated beneath the atlas bone , which supports the weight of the head. Other names for the axis include C2, for its position; epistropheus, its scientific name; and vertebra dentata, for an unusual bony protrusion that projects upward from the vertebral body like a tooth and is therefore known as …

The axis (second cervical) vertebra is of special interest owing to its particular anatomy, biomechanics, and position in the spine. Despite this, the role of the axis in the function of the cervical spine and the nature of its involvement in trauma and other pathological conditions are still not completely understood.

The axis (second cervical) vertebra is of special interest owing to its particular anatomy, biomechanics, and position in the spine. Despite this, the role of the axis in the function of the cervical spine and the nature of its involvement in trauma and other pathological conditions are still not completely understood. This book covers all aspects of the axis vertebra and its …

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Cervical vertebrae are the vertebrae in the neck region, immediately below the skull. There are seven cervical vertebrae in the vertebral column (C1 – C7).

The axis, also known as the C2 bone, creates a pivot that allows the C1, or atlas, to rotate. This action gives the head and neck a greater range of motion from side to side. The pivoting motion occurs on part of the bone called the dens, a tooth-like upright section on the bone.

Injury to the atlas or axis, such as fracture from a high-impact collision or sudden, violent jerking of the head, may cause paralysis and it some cases can even be fatal.

The axis, also known as the C2 bone, creates a pivot that allows the C1, or atlas, to rotate. This action gives the head and neck a greater range of motion from side to side. The pivoting motion occurs on part of the bone called the dens, a tooth-like upright section on the bone. The dens in the axis is larger than any other vertebral bone.

One of the most prominent features of the axis bone is a superior, tooth-like projection called the odontoid process (or dens).

This action gives the head and neck a greater range of motion from side to side. The pivoting motion occurs on part of the bone called the dens, a tooth-like upright section on the bone. The dens in the axis is larger than any other vertebral bone.

Body or centrum (Corpus vertebrae) is a cylindrical mass on anterior side of the vertebra. It articulates with body of the vertebra below (C3). Odontoid process or dens (Dens axis) is a prominent rounded superior projection from the body.

Atlas and axis vertebrae are two cervical vertebrae of the vertebral column. The key difference between atlas and axis vertebrae is that the atlas vertebra is the most superior vertebra. It holds the head upright.

Transverse foramen ( Foramen transversarium) is a hole in the transverse process that serves as a passageway for the vertebral artery and vein. Vertebral foramen ( Foramen vertebrale) is a large opening in the center of the axis bone that forms a passageway for the spinal cord.

The odontoid peg is the ascension of the atlas fused to the ascension of the axis. The peg has an articular facet at its front and forms part of a joint with the anterior arch of the atlas. It is a non- weight bearing joint.

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